Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique or the State of Grenada, is a Small Island Developing State (SIDS), located on the Southeastern Caribbean. With shores washed by both the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, Grenada as all SIDS is particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. For example, extreme climate related events such as hurricanes are projected to be intensified by climate change. In fact, Grenada experienced two recent major droughts, which had substantial adverse effects on water resources and the agriculture sector. Projections indicate a strong likelihood of reduced annual rainfall as well as sea level rise.
With these current and projected adverse effects, the island state of Grenada, needs to adapt. But while Grenada has developed many policies and strategies relating to climate change, a strategic and comprehensive approach to adaptation, which includes the coordination across sectors and the implementation of concrete measures, is needed.
For more details on climate change, see Climate Change Terms and Definitions.
The Integrated Climate Change Adaptation Strategies or ICCAS project, is designed to provide a holistic approach to climate change adaptation in the State of Grenada. The overall aim of the ICCAS project is to increase resilience of vulnerable communities and ecosystems to climate change risks on all three islands: Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique. The project uses a comprehensive, integrated approach for analyzing and implementing adaptation strategies. This model it is hoped, can serve as a role model for other countries and regions.
The ICCAS project is implemented by the Government of Grenada, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur InternationaleZusammenarbeit (GIZ). The GIZ is a German federal enterprise that supports the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development. The ICCAS project is also a part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUM) supports the IKI on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Parliament (Bundestag).
The Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment of the Government of Grenada, through its Environment Division, is directly responsible for the project's implementation. However, the project engages with a variety other Government Ministries (e.g. Ministry of Education), academia and communities, especially those already being impacted by climate change. True to its name, the project pursues and integrates, a multi-sectoral approach, linking local activities to national measures and vice versa. For example, the National Climate Change Committee is being advised on the development of systematic risk analyses to identify susceptible coastal zones in the country and on how to increase their resilience to climate change.
The ICCAS project consists of four main components:
- A 1.5 million USD community based climate change adaptation fund, which provides direct support for the population involved in small-scale adaptation measures (Implemented by the UNDP). The fund supported 27 projects in Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique
- An integrated water resource and coastal zone management component (Implemented by the GIZ)
- The mainstreaming of climate change adaptation considerations into the national planning process (Implemented by GIZ)
- Promotes measures to enable Grenada to access climate finance for adaptation activities in the long term (Implemented by GIZ) and raises awareness and knowledge of climate risks (implemented by the UNDP)
The ICCAS Project comes to an end in December 2018.